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Biogeosciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 14, issue 21
Biogeosciences, 14, 4829-4850, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-14-4829-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Biogeosciences, 14, 4829-4850, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-14-4829-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 03 Nov 2017

Research article | 03 Nov 2017

Global consequences of afforestation and bioenergy cultivation on ecosystem service indicators

Andreas Krause et al.
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Ahlstrom, A., Schurgers, G., Arneth, A., and Smith, B.: Robustness and uncertainty in terrestrial ecosystem carbon response to CMIP5 climate change projections, Environ. Res. Lett., 7, 044008, https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/7/4/044008, 2012.
Alkama, R. and Cescatti, A.: Biophysical climate impacts of recent changes in global forest cover, Science, 351, 600–604, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aac8083, 2016.
Alkemade, R., van Oorschot, M., Miles, L., Nellemann, C., Bakkenes, M., and ten Brink, B.: GLOBIO3: A framework to investigate options for reducing global terrestrial biodiversity loss, Ecosystems, 12, 374–390, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-009-9229-5, 2009.
Anderson, K. and Peters, G.: The trouble with negative emissions, Science, 354, 182–183, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aah4567, 2016.
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Many climate change mitigation scenarios require negative emissions from land management. However, environmental side effects are often not considered. Here, we use projections of future land use from two land-use models as input to a vegetation model. We show that carbon removal via bioenergy production or forest maintenance and expansion affect a range of ecosystem functions. Largest impacts are found for crop production, nitrogen losses, and emissions of biogenic volatile organic compounds.
Many climate change mitigation scenarios require negative emissions from land management....
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