Biogeochemistry of manganese in ferruginous Lake Matano, Indonesia 1Nordic Center for Earth Evolution, Institute of Biology, Univ. of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230 Odense, Denmark
26 Oct 2011
2Dept. of Geology, Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66047, USA
3Canadian Light Source Inc., Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 0X4, Canada
4Large Lakes Observatory and Dept. of Physics, Univ. of Minnesota, Duluth MN 55812, USA
5Research Center for Limnology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), Cibinong Bogor, Indonesia
Received: 26 March 2011 – Published in Biogeosciences Discuss.: 26 April 2011 Abstract. This study explores Mn biogeochemistry in a stratified, ferruginous lake, a
modern analogue to ferruginous oceans. Intense Mn cycling occurs in the
chemocline where Mn is recycled at least 15 times before sedimentation. The
product of biologically catalyzed Mn oxidation in Lake Matano is birnessite.
Although there is evidence for abiotic Mn reduction with Fe(II), Mn
reduction likely occurs through a variety of pathways. The flux of Fe(II) is
insufficient to balance the reduction of Mn at 125 m depth in the water
column, and Mn reduction could be a significant contributor to CH4
oxidation. By combining results from synchrotron-based X-ray fluorescence
and X-ray spectroscopy, extractions of sinking particles, and reaction
transport modeling, we find the kinetics of Mn reduction in the lake's
reducing waters are sufficiently rapid to preclude the deposition of Mn
oxides from the water column to the sediments underlying ferruginous water. This
has strong implications for the interpretation of the sedimentary Mn record.
Revised: 29 September 2011 – Accepted: 04 October 2011 – Published: 26 October 2011
Citation: Jones, C., Crowe, S. A., Sturm, A., Leslie, K. L., MacLean, L. C. W., Katsev, S., Henny, C., Fowle, D. A., and Canfield, D. E.: Biogeochemistry of manganese in ferruginous Lake Matano, Indonesia, Biogeosciences, 8, 2977-2991, doi:10.5194/bg-8-2977-2011, 2011.