Biogeosciences, 4, 927-939, 2007
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the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License.
26 Oct 2007
Methodical study of nitrous oxide eddy covariance measurements using quantum cascade laser spectrometery over a Swiss forest
W. Eugster1, K. Zeyer2, M. Zeeman1, P. Michna3, A. Zingg4, N. Buchmann1, and L. Emmenegger2 1Institute of Plant Sciences, ETH Zürich, 8092 Zürich, Switzerland
2Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research, Überlandstrasse 129, 8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland
3Institute of Geography, University of Bern, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
4WSL, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow, and Landscape Research, 8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland
Abstract. Nitrous oxide fluxes were measured at the Lägeren CarboEurope IP flux site over the multi-species mixed forest dominated by European beech and Norway spruce. Measurements were carried out during a four-week period in October–November 2005 during leaf senescence. Fluxes were measured with a standard ultrasonic anemometer in combination with a quantum cascade laser absorption spectrometer that measured N2O, CO2, and H2O mixing ratios simultaneously at 5 Hz time resolution. To distinguish insignificant fluxes from significant ones it is proposed to use a new approach based on the significance of the correlation coefficient between vertical wind speed and mixing ratio fluctuations. This procedure eliminated roughly 56% of our half-hourly fluxes. Based on the remaining, quality checked N2O fluxes we quantified the mean efflux at 0.8±0.4 μmol m−2 h−1 (mean ± standard error). Most of the contribution to the N2O flux occurred during a 6.5-h period starting 4.5 h before each precipitation event. No relation with precipitation amount could be found. Visibility data representing fog density and duration at the site indicate that wetting of the canopy may have as strong an effect on N2O effluxes as does below-ground microbial activity. It is speculated that above-ground N2O production from the senescing leaves at high moisture (fog, drizzle, onset of precipitation event) may be responsible for part of the measured flux.

Citation: Eugster, W., Zeyer, K., Zeeman, M., Michna, P., Zingg, A., Buchmann, N., and Emmenegger, L.: Methodical study of nitrous oxide eddy covariance measurements using quantum cascade laser spectrometery over a Swiss forest, Biogeosciences, 4, 927-939,, 2007.
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