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Biogeosciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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BG | Volume 16, issue 19
Biogeosciences, 16, 3835–3852, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-16-3835-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Biogeosciences, 16, 3835–3852, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-16-3835-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 07 Oct 2019

Research article | 07 Oct 2019

Rapid environmental responses to climate-induced hydrographic changes in the Baltic Sea entrance

Laurie M. Charrieau et al.

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Cited articles

Alve, E.: Opportunistic features of the foraminifer Stainforthia fusiformis (Williamson): evidence from Frierfjord, Norway, J. Micropalaeontol., 13, 24–24, https://doi.org/10.1144/jm.13.1.24, 1994. 
Andersson, P., Håkansson, B., Håkansson, J., and Sahlsten, E.: SMHI Report: Marine Acidification – On Effects and Monitoring of Marine Acidification in the Seas Surrounding Sweden, Report Oceanography No. 92, 2008. 
Appleby, P. G.: Chronostratigraphic techniques in recent sediments, in: Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments, edited by: Last, W. M. and Smol, J. P., Vol. 1, Springer Netherlands, 2001. 
Asteman, I. P. and Schönfeld, J.: Recent invasion of the foraminifer Nonionella stella Cushman & Moyer, 1930 in northern European waters: evidence from the Skagerrak and its fjords, J. Micropalaeontol., 35, 20–25, https://doi.org/10.1144/jmpaleo2015-007, 2016. 
Bergsten, H., Nordberg, K., and Malmgren, B.: Recent benthic foraminifera as tracers of water masses along a transect in the Skagerrak, North-Eastern North Sea, J. Sea Res., 35, 111–121, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1385-1101(96)90740-6, 1996. 
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We reconstructed environmental changes in the Öresund during the last 200 years, using foraminifera (microfossils), sediment, and climate data. Five zones were identified, reflecting oxygen, salinity, food content, and pollution levels for each period. The largest changes occurred ~ 1950, towards stronger currents. The foraminifera responded quickly (< 10 years) to the changes. Moreover, they did not rebound when the system returned to the previous pattern, but displayed a new equilibrium state.
We reconstructed environmental changes in the Öresund during the last 200 years, using...
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