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Biogeosciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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BG | Volume 16, issue 14
Biogeosciences, 16, 2873–2890, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-16-2873-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Biogeosciences, 16, 2873–2890, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-16-2873-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 31 Jul 2019

Research article | 31 Jul 2019

El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) event reduces CO2 uptake of an Indonesian oil palm plantation

Christian Stiegler et al.
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Cited articles  
Allen, K., Corre, M. D., Tjoa, A., and Veldkamp, E.: Soil Nitrogen-cycling responses to conversion of lowland forests to oil palm and rubber plantations in Sumatra, Indonesia, PLoS ONE, 10, e0133325, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0133325, 2105. 
Apichatmeta, K., Sudsiri, C. J., and Ritchie, R. J.: Photosynthesis of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis), Sci. Hortic.-Amsterdam, 214, 34–40, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2016.11.013, 2017. 
Bakoumé, C., Shahbudin, N., Yacob, S., Siang, C. S., and Thambi, M. N.: Improved method for estimating soil moisture deficit in oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) areas with limited climatic data, J. Agr. Sci., 5, 57–65, https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v5n8p57, 2013. 
Barcelos, E., de Almeida Rios, S., Cunha, R. N., Lopes, R., Motoike, S. Y., Babiychuk, E., and Kushnir, S.: Oil palm natural diversity and the potential for yield improvement, Front. Plant Sci., 6, 190, https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2015.00190, 2015. 
Bayona-Rodríguez, C. and Romero, H. M.: Estimation of transpiration in oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) with the heat ratio method, Agronomía Colombiana, 34, 172–178, https://doi.org/10.15446/agron.colomb.v34n2.55649, 2016. 
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We show the response of a commercial oil palm plantation in Indonesia to the extreme El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) event in 2015. Our measurements and model suggest that without human-induced forest fires and related smoke emissions, the observed negative impact on oil palm carbon dioxide greenhouse gas fluxes, carbon accumulation and yield due to ENSO-related drought would have been less pronounced. With respect to climate change we highlight the importance of fire prevention in the area.
We show the response of a commercial oil palm plantation in Indonesia to the extreme El...
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