Volume 14, issue 4 | Copyright
Biogeosciences, 14, 817-826, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-14-817-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 24 Feb 2017

Research article | 24 Feb 2017

Coral mortality induced by the 2015–2016 El-Niño in Indonesia: the effect of rapid sea level fall

Eghbert Elvan Ampou et al.
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Babcock, R.: Reproduction and development of the blue coral Heliopora coerulea (Alcyonaria: Coenothecalia), Mar. Biol., 104, 475–481, 1990.
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The 2015–2016 El Niño was the strongest on record and has generated significant coral bleaching and mortality worldwide. In Indonesia, first signs of bleaching were reported in April 2016. However, we show that this El Niño has impacted Indonesian reefs since 2015 through a different process than temperature-induced bleaching. Another El Niño-induced process, sea level fall, is responsible for significant coral mortality on North Sulawesi shallow reefs, and probably throughout Indonesia.
The 2015–2016 El Niño was the strongest on record and has generated significant coral bleaching...
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