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Biogeosciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 14, issue 23
Biogeosciences, 14, 5607-5632, 2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Biogeosciences, 14, 5607-5632, 2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 12 Dec 2017

Research article | 12 Dec 2017

Reconstructing Holocene temperature and salinity variations in the western Baltic Sea region: a multi-proxy comparison from the Little Belt (IODP Expedition 347, Site M0059)

Ulrich Kotthoff et al.
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Cited articles  
Andrén, E., Andrén, T., and Kunzendorf, H.: Holocene history of the Baltic Sea as a background for assessing records of human impact in the sediments of the Gotland Basin, The Holocene, 10, 687–702,, 2000.
Andrén, T., Björck, S., Andrén, E., Conley, D., Zillén, L., and Anjar, J.: The development of the Baltic Sea basin during the last 130 ka, in: The Baltic Sea Basin, edited by: Harff, J., Björck, S., and Hoth, P., Springer, Berlin, 75–97, 2011.
Andrén, T., Jørgensen, B. B., Cotterill, C., and the Expedition 347 Scientists: Baltic Sea Paleoenvironment, Proceedings IODP, 347, College Station, TX, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program,, 2015a.
Andrén, T., Jørgensen, B. B., Cotteril, C., Green, S., and the IODP expedition 347 scientific party: Baltic Sea basin paleoenvironment and biosphere, Scientific Drilling, 20, 1–12,, 2015b.
Anjar, J., Adrielsson, L., Bennike, O., Björck, S., Filipsson, H. L., Groeneveld, J., Knudsen, K. L., Larsen, N. K., and Möller, P.: Palaeoenvironmental history of the Baltic Sea basin during Marine Isotope Stage 3, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 34, 81–92,, 2012.
Publications Copernicus
Short summary
We present reconstructions of paleotemperature, paleosalinity, and paleoecology from the Little Belt (Site M0059) over the past ~ 8000 years and evaluate the applicability of numerous proxies. Conditions were lacustrine until ~ 7400 cal yr BP. A transition to brackish–marine conditions then occurred within ~ 200 years. Salinity proxies rarely allowed quantitative estimates but revealed congruent results, while quantitative temperature reconstructions differed depending on the proxies used.
We present reconstructions of paleotemperature, paleosalinity, and paleoecology from the Little...