Journal cover Journal topic
Biogeosciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Biogeosciences, 13, 2537-2562, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-13-2537-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
28 Apr 2016
Climate seasonality limits leaf carbon assimilation and wood productivity in tropical forests
Fabien H. Wagner1, Bruno Hérault2, Damien Bonal3, Clément Stahl4,5, Liana O. Anderson6, Timothy R. Baker7, Gabriel Sebastian Becker8, Hans Beeckman9, Danilo Boanerges Souza10, Paulo Cesar Botosso11, David M. J. S. Bowman12, Achim Bräuning13, Benjamin Brede14, Foster Irving Brown15, Jesus Julio Camarero16,17, Plínio Barbosa Camargo18, Fernanda C. G. Cardoso19, Fabrício Alvim Carvalho20, Wendeson Castro21, Rubens Koloski Chagas22, Jérome Chave23, Emmanuel N. Chidumayo24, Deborah A. Clark25, Flavia Regina Capellotto Costa26, Camille Couralet9, Paulo Henrique da Silva Mauricio15, Helmut Dalitz8, Vinicius Resende de Castro27, Jaçanan Eloisa de Freitas Milani28, Edilson Consuelo de Oliveira29, Luciano de Souza Arruda30, Jean-Louis Devineau31, David M. Drew32, Oliver Dünisch33, Giselda Durigan34, Elisha Elifuraha35, Marcio Fedele36, Ligia Ferreira Fedele36, Afonso Figueiredo Filho37, César Augusto Guimarães Finger38, Augusto César Franco39, João Lima Freitas Júnior21, Franklin Galvão28, Aster Gebrekirstos40, Robert Gliniars8, Paulo Maurício Lima de Alencastro Graça41, Anthony D. Griffiths42,43, James Grogan44, Kaiyu Guan45,46, Jürgen Homeier47, Maria Raquel Kanieski48, Lip Khoon Kho49, Jennifer Koenig43, Sintia Valerio Kohler37, Julia Krepkowski13, José Pires Lemos-Filho50, Diana Lieberman51, Milton Eugene Lieberman51, Claudio Sergio Lisi36,52, Tomaz Longhi Santos28, José Luis López Ayala53, Eduardo Eijji Maeda54, Yadvinder Malhi55, Vivian R. B. Maria36, Marcia C. M. Marques19, Renato Marques56, Hector Maza Chamba57, Lawrence Mbwambo58, Karina Liana Lisboa Melgaço26, Hooz Angela Mendivelso16,17, Brett P. Murphy59, Joseph J. O'Brien60, Steven F. Oberbauer61, Naoki Okada62, Raphaël Pélissier63,64, Lynda D. Prior12, Fidel Alejandro Roig65, Michael Ross66, Davi Rodrigo Rossatto67, Vivien Rossi68, Lucy Rowland69, Ervan Rutishauser70, Hellen Santana26, Mark Schulze71, Diogo Selhorst72, Williamar Rodrigues Silva73, Marcos Silveira15, Susanne Spannl13, Michael D. Swaine74, José Julio Toledo75, Marcos Miranda Toledo76, Marisol Toledo77, Takeshi Toma78, Mario Tomazello Filho36, Juan Ignacio Valdez Hernández53, Jan Verbesselt14, Simone Aparecida Vieira79, Grégoire Vincent64, Carolina Volkmer de Castilho80, Franziska Volland13, Martin Worbes81, Magda Lea Bolzan Zanon82, and Luiz E. O. C. Aragão1,83 1Remote Sensing Division, National Institute for Space Research – INPE, São José dos Campos 12227-010, SP, Brazil
2CIRAD, UMR Ecologie des Forêts de Guyane, Kourou 97379, France
3INRA, UMR EEF 1137, Champenoux 54280, France
4INRA, UMR Ecologie des Forêts de Guyane, Kourou 97387, France
5Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Wilrijk 2610, Belgium
6National Center for Monitoring and Early Warning of Natural Disasters – CEMADEN, São José dos Campos 12.247-016, SP, Brazil
7School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
8Institute of Botany, University of Hohenheim, 70593 Stuttgart, Germany
9Laboratory for Wood Biology and Xylarium, Royal Museum for Central Africa, Tervuren 3080, Belgium
10Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências de Florestas Tropicais, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Manaus 69067-375, AM, Brazil
11Embrapa Florestas, Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation, Colombo 83411-000, PR, Brazil
12School of Biological Sciences, University of Tasmania, Hobart 7001, Tasmania, Australia
13Institute of Geography, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
14Laboratory of Geo-information Science and Remote Sensing, Wageningen University, Wageningen 6708PB, the Netherlands
15Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Natureza, Laboratóio de Botânica e Ecologia Vegetal, Universidade Federal Do Acre, Rio Branco 69915-559, AC, Brazil
16Instituto Pirenaico de Ecologia, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (IPE-CSIC), Zaragoza 50059, Spain
17Instituto Boliviano de Investigacion Forestal (IBIF), Santa Cruz de la Sierra 6204, Bolivia
18Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura, Laboratóio de Ecologia Isotópica, Universidade de SÃo Paulo, Piracicaba 13416903, SP, Brazil
19Departamento de Botânica, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba 81531-980, PR, Brazil
20Departamento de Botânica, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (UFJF), Juiz de Fora 36015-260, MG, Brazil
21Programa de Pós-Graduação Ecologia e Manejo de Recursos Naturais, Universidade Federal do Acre, Rio Branco 69915-559, AC, Brazil
22Departamento de Ecologia do Instituto de Biociências, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), São Paulo 05508-090, SP, Brazil
23UMR 5174 Laboratoire Evolution et DiversitéBiologique, CNRS & UniversitéPaul Sabatier, Toulouse 31062, France
24Biological Sciences Department, University of Zambia, Lusaka Box 32379, Zambia
25Department of Biology, University of Missouri-St. Louis, Saint Louis 63121, MO, USA
26Coordenação de Pesquisas em Biodiversidade, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Manaus 69080-971, AM, Brazil
27Departamento de Engenharia Florestal, Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa 36570-000, MG, Brazil
28Departamento de Engenharia Florestal, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba 80210-170, PR, Brazil
29Centro de Ciêcias Biológicas e da Natureza, Laboratório de Botânica e Ecologia Vegetal, Universidade Federal do Acre, Rio Branco 69915-559, AC, Brazil
30Prefeitura Municipal de Rio Branco, Rio Branco 69900-901, AC, Brazil
31Département Hommes, Natures, Sociétés, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) et UMR 208 Patrimoines Locaux et Gouvernance, Paris 75231 Cedex 05, France
32Dept. Forest and Wood Science, University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch 7600, South Africa
33Meisterschule Ebern für das Schreinerhandwerk, 96106 Ebern, Germany
34Floresta Estadual de Assis, Assis 19802-970, SP, Brazil
35Tanzania Forestry Research Institute (TAFORI), Dodoma P.O. Box 1576, Tanzania
36Departamento de Ciências Florestais, Universidade de São Paulo, Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz, Piracicaba 13418-900, SP, Brazil
37Departamento de Engenharia Florestal – DEF, Universidade Estadual do Centro-Oeste, Irati 84500-000, PR, Brazil
38Departamento de Ciências Florestais, Centro de Ciências Rurais, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria 97105-9000, RS, Brazil
39Departamento de Botânica, Laboratório de Fisiologia Vegetal, Universidade de Brasília, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Brasília 70904-970, DF, Brazil
40World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Nairobi P.O. Box 30677-00100, Kenya
41Coordenação de Pesquisa em Ecologia, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Manaus C.P. 478 69011-970, AM, Brazil
42Departement of Land Resource Management, Northern Territory Government, Palmerston NT 0831 , Australia
43Research Institute for Environment and Livelihoods, Charles Darwin University, Darwin NT 0909, Australia
44Department of Biological Sciences, Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley 01075, MA, USA
45Department of Earth System Science, Stanford University, Stanford 94305, CA, USA
46Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign 61801, USA
47Department of Plant Ecology, Albrecht von Haller Institute of Plant Sciences, University of Göttingen, 37073 Göttingen, Germany
48Departamento de Engenharia Florestal, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina – UDESC, Lages 88520-000, SC, Brazil
49Tropical Peat Research Institute, Biological Research Division, Malaysian Palm Oil Board, Selangor 43000, Malaysia
50Departamento de Botânica, Instituto de Ciências Biologicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte 31270-901, MG, Brazil
51Division of Science & Environmental Policy, California State University Monterey Bay, Seaside 93955, CA, USA
52Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, São Cristóvão 49100-000, Brazil
53Programa Forestal, Colegio de Postgraduados, Montecillo 56230, México
54Department of Geosciences and Geography, University of Helsinki, Helsinki 00014, Finland
55School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3QY, UK
56Departamento de Solos e Engenharia Agrícola, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba 80035-050, PR, Brazil
57Laboratoria de Dendrochronologia y Anatomia de Maderas Espinoza, Universidad Nacional de Loja, Loja EC110103, Ecuador
58Tanzania Forestry Research Institute (TAFORI), Morogoro P.O. Box 1854, Tanzania
59Research Institute for the Environment and Livelihoods, Charles Darwin University, Darwin NT 0909, Australia
60Center for Forest Disturbance Science, USDA Forest Service, Athens 30607, GA, USA
61Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, Miami 33199, FL, USA
62Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan
63Institut Français de Pondicherry, Puducherry 6005001, India
64UMR AMAP (botAnique et bioinforMatique de l'Architecture des Plantes), IRD, Montpellier 34398, France
65Tree Ring and Environmental History Laboratory, Instituto Argentino de Nivología, Glaciología y Ciencias Ambientales – CONICET, Mendoza 5500, Argentina
66Department of Earth and Environment, Southeast Environmental Research Center, Florida International University, Miami 33199, FL, USA
67Departamento de Biologia Aplicada, FCAV, Universidade Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Jaboticabal 14884-000, SP, Brazil
68UR B&SEF (Biens et services des écosystèmes forestiers tropicaux), CIRAD, Yaoundé BP 2572, Cameroon
69School of Geosciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3FF, UK
70CarboForExpert, Geneva 1211, Switzerland
71HJ Andrews Experimental Forest, Oregon State University, Blue River 97413, OR, USA
72Ibama, Rio Branco 69907-150, AC, Brazil
73PRONAT – Programa de Pós-Graduação em Recurso Naturais, Universidade Federal de Roraima – UFRR, Boa Vista 69310-000, RR, Brazil
74School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 2TZ, UK
75Departamento de Ciências Ambientais, Universidade Federal do Amapá, Macapá 68902-280, AP, Brazil
76Embrapa Cocais, Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation, São Luiz 65066-190, MA, Brazil
77Instituto Boliviano de Investigacion Forestal (IBIF), Universidad Autonoma Gabriel René Moreno, Santa Cruz de la Sierra CP 6201, Bolivia
78Department of Forest Vegetation, Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute (FFPRI), Ibaraki 305-8687, Japan
79Núcleo de Estudos e Pesquisas Ambientais (NEPAM), Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas 13083-867, SP, Brazil
80Embrapa Roraima, Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation, Boa Vista 69301-970, RR, Brazil
81Crop Production Systems in the Tropics, Georg-August-University, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
82Departamento de Engenharia Florestal, Centro de Educação Superior Norte, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Frederico Westphalen 98400-000, RS, Brazil
83College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4RJ, UK
Abstract. The seasonal climate drivers of the carbon cycle in tropical forests remain poorly known, although these forests account for more carbon assimilation and storage than any other terrestrial ecosystem. Based on a unique combination of seasonal pan-tropical data sets from 89 experimental sites (68 include aboveground wood productivity measurements and 35 litter productivity measurements), their associated canopy photosynthetic capacity (enhanced vegetation index, EVI) and climate, we ask how carbon assimilation and aboveground allocation are related to climate seasonality in tropical forests and how they interact in the seasonal carbon cycle. We found that canopy photosynthetic capacity seasonality responds positively to precipitation when rainfall is  < 2000 mm yr−1 (water-limited forests) and to radiation otherwise (light-limited forests). On the other hand, independent of climate limitations, wood productivity and litterfall are driven by seasonal variation in precipitation and evapotranspiration, respectively. Consequently, light-limited forests present an asynchronism between canopy photosynthetic capacity and wood productivity. First-order control by precipitation likely indicates a decrease in tropical forest productivity in a drier climate in water-limited forest, and in current light-limited forest with future rainfall  < 2000 mm yr−1.

Citation: Wagner, F. H., Hérault, B., Bonal, D., Stahl, C., Anderson, L. O., Baker, T. R., Becker, G. S., Beeckman, H., Boanerges Souza, D., Botosso, P. C., Bowman, D. M. J. S., Bräuning, A., Brede, B., Brown, F. I., Camarero, J. J., Camargo, P. B., Cardoso, F. C. G., Carvalho, F. A., Castro, W., Chagas, R. K., Chave, J., Chidumayo, E. N., Clark, D. A., Costa, F. R. C., Couralet, C., da Silva Mauricio, P. H., Dalitz, H., de Castro, V. R., de Freitas Milani, J. E., de Oliveira, E. C., de Souza Arruda, L., Devineau, J.-L., Drew, D. M., Dünisch, O., Durigan, G., Elifuraha, E., Fedele, M., Ferreira Fedele, L., Figueiredo Filho, A., Finger, C. A. G., Franco, A. C., Freitas Júnior, J. L., Galvão, F., Gebrekirstos, A., Gliniars, R., Graça, P. M. L. D. A., Griffiths, A. D., Grogan, J., Guan, K., Homeier, J., Kanieski, M. R., Kho, L. K., Koenig, J., Kohler, S. V., Krepkowski, J., Lemos-Filho, J. P., Lieberman, D., Lieberman, M. E., Lisi, C. S., Longhi Santos, T., López Ayala, J. L., Maeda, E. E., Malhi, Y., Maria, V. R. B., Marques, M. C. M., Marques, R., Maza Chamba, H., Mbwambo, L., Melgaço, K. L. L., Mendivelso, H. A., Murphy, B. P., O'Brien, J. J., Oberbauer, S. F., Okada, N., Pélissier, R., Prior, L. D., Roig, F. A., Ross, M., Rossatto, D. R., Rossi, V., Rowland, L., Rutishauser, E., Santana, H., Schulze, M., Selhorst, D., Silva, W. R., Silveira, M., Spannl, S., Swaine, M. D., Toledo, J. J., Toledo, M. M., Toledo, M., Toma, T., Tomazello Filho, M., Valdez Hernández, J. I., Verbesselt, J., Vieira, S. A., Vincent, G., Volkmer de Castilho, C., Volland, F., Worbes, M., Zanon, M. L. B., and Aragão, L. E. O. C.: Climate seasonality limits leaf carbon assimilation and wood productivity in tropical forests, Biogeosciences, 13, 2537-2562, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-13-2537-2016, 2016.
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