Journal cover Journal topic
Biogeosciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Biogeosciences, 6, 197-207, 2009
http://www.biogeosciences.net/6/197/2009/
doi:10.5194/bg-6-197-2009
© Author(s) 2009. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
 
16 Feb 2009
Diagenetic changes in Concholepas concholepas shells (Gastropoda, Muricidae) in the hyper-arid conditions of Northern Chile – implications for palaeoenvironmental reconstructions
N. Guzmán1, Y. Dauphin2, J. P. Cuif2, A. Denis2, and L. Ortlieb1 1UR 055 Paleotropique, IRD, 32 av. H. Varagnat, 93143 Bondy cedex, France
2UMR IDES 8148, bât. 504, Université Paris XI-Orsay, 91405 Orsay cedex, France
Abstract. Variations in the chemical composition of fossil biogenic carbonates, and in particular of mollusc shells, have been used in a range of palaeoenvironmental reconstructions. It is of primary importance, therefore, to detect and understand the diagenetic processes that may modify the original chemical signature. This microstructural and biogeochemical study focuses on modern and fossil (Holocene and Pleistocene) shells of a littoral gastropod of Northern Chile, and on the characterization of mineral component transformations at the nanometric scale and concomitant intracrystalline organic compound modifications. The inner aragonite layer of the shell exhibits more complex deteriorations than the calcite layer. This preliminary study confirms that physical and chemical alterations of various components of mollusc shell biocrystals are complex and might manifest in different ways even within a single individual. The single criterion of determining the mineralogical composition to verify the conservation state of shell samples is insufficient.

Citation: Guzmán, N., Dauphin, Y., Cuif, J. P., Denis, A., and Ortlieb, L.: Diagenetic changes in Concholepas concholepas shells (Gastropoda, Muricidae) in the hyper-arid conditions of Northern Chile – implications for palaeoenvironmental reconstructions, Biogeosciences, 6, 197-207, doi:10.5194/bg-6-197-2009, 2009.
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