Sea-surface CO2 fugacity in the subpolar North Atlantic
1Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
2Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
3Marine Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden
Abstract. We present the first year-long subpolar trans-Atlantic set of surface seawater CO2 fugacity (fCO2sw) data. The data were obtained aboard the MV Nuka Arctica in 2005 and provide a quasi-continuous picture of the fCO2sw variability between Denmark and Greenland. Complementary real-time high-resolution data of surface chlorophyll-a (chl-a) concentrations and mixed layer depth (MLD) estimates have been collocated with the fCO2sw data. Off-shelf fCO2sw data exhibit a pronounced seasonal cycle. In winter, surface waters are saturated to slightly supersaturated over a wide range of temperatures. Through spring and summer, fCO2sw decreases by approximately 60 μatm, due to biological carbon consumption, which is not fully counteracted by the fCO2sw increase due to summer warming. The changes are synchronous with changes in chl-a concentrations and MLD, both of which are exponentially correlated with fCO2sw in off-shelf regions.
Olsen, A., Brown, K. R., Chierici, M., Johannessen, T., and Neill, C.: Sea-surface CO2 fugacity in the subpolar North Atlantic, Biogeosciences, 5, 535-547, doi:10.5194/bg-5-535-2008, 2008.