Journal cover Journal topic
Biogeosciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Biogeosciences, 14, 2891-2902, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-14-2891-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
16 Jun 2017
The effect of drought on dissolved organic carbon (DOC) release from peatland soil and vegetation sources
Jonathan P. Ritson1,*, Richard E. Brazier2, Nigel J. D. Graham1, Chris Freeman3, Michael R. Templeton1, and Joanna M. Clark4 1Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Imperial College London, South Kensington, London, SW7 2AZ, UK
2Geography, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, EX4 4RJ, UK
3Wolfson Carbon Capture Laboratory, School of Biological Sciences, Bangor University, Bangor, Gwynedd, LL57 2UW, UK
4Department of Geography and Environmental Science, School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science, the University of Reading, Whiteknights campus, P.O. Box 227, Reading, RG6 6AB, UK
* Invited contribution by Jonathan P. Ritson, recipient of the EGU Biogeosciences Outstanding Student Poster Award 2015.
Abstract. Drought conditions are expected to increase in frequency and severity as the climate changes, representing a threat to carbon sequestered in peat soils. Downstream water treatment works are also at risk of regulatory compliance failures and higher treatment costs due to the increase in riverine dissolved organic carbon (DOC) often observed after droughts. More frequent droughts may also shift dominant vegetation in peatlands from Sphagnum moss to more drought-tolerant species. This paper examines the impact of drought on the production and treatability of DOC from four vegetation litters (Calluna vulgaris, Juncus effusus, Molinia caerulea and Sphagnum spp.) and a peat soil. We found that mild droughts caused a 39.6 % increase in DOC production from peat and that peat DOC that had been exposed to oxygen was harder to remove by conventional water treatment processes (coagulation/flocculation). Drought had no effect on the amount of DOC production from vegetation litters; however large variation was observed between typical peatland species (Sphagnum and Calluna) and drought-tolerant grassland species (Juncus and Molinia), with the latter producing more DOC per unit weight. This would therefore suggest the increase in riverine DOC often observed post-drought is due entirely to soil microbial processes and DOC solubility rather than litter layer effects. Long-term shifts in species diversity may, therefore, be the most important impact of drought on litter layer DOC flux, whereas pulses related to drought may be observed in peat soils and are likely to become more common in the future. These results provide evidence in support of catchment management which increases the resilience of peat soils to drought, such as ditch blocking to raise water tables.

Citation: Ritson, J. P., Brazier, R. E., Graham, N. J. D., Freeman, C., Templeton, M. R., and Clark, J. M.: The effect of drought on dissolved organic carbon (DOC) release from peatland soil and vegetation sources, Biogeosciences, 14, 2891-2902, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-14-2891-2017, 2017.
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Short summary
Peatlands are a globally important store of carbon; however increased droughts in the future may affect their ability to sequester carbon. Using laboratory simulations we show that droughts, through exposure to oxygen, greatly increase the quantity and alter the quality of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) released from peat. Catchment management which keeps water tables high to limit oxygen exposure is therefore likely to deliver positive water quality outcomes.
Peatlands are a globally important store of carbon; however increased droughts in the future may...
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